- young woman, f נערה
Okay, use your “pirate voice” for this one! Say: “ Aaarg! That young man (נער) is Naaarrly!” Ayin in Hebrew means “eye”, so associate an eyepatch on that pirate of yourn. In addition, the niqqud are patach, which I remember as "pancake", so complete the picture with the pirate with the eye patch eating pancakes!!
- Na'aRAH would be the feminine form. Note that the patach is reduced in spelling under the ayin, since it is a gutteral, and not being emphasized as it was in the masculine. Many nouns are made feminine by adding qamets-hey to the masculine noun. Refer to vowel pointing study sheet on A type vowels.
- Shalom! Keren
In English, we add an “s” to create plural nouns: i.e. dog....dogs. There are variations, like add -es after s, sh, x. (fox...foxes or dish...dishes) OR drop y ending, add -ies (candy...candies), but that's basically it.
The general rule for creating plural nouns in Hebrew is:
Feminine nouns, add “OT” ות- with a cholem vav and tav after the shoresh
Masculine nouns, add “EEM” ים- adding a chireq under the final letter of the shoresh, followed by a yod (consonantal vowel) and Mem sofeet.
And that's basically it. However, (and you knew this was coming) Hebrew has many variations, like English does....not as predictable as English, however.
Let's examine these “irregular” plural nouns found in Chapter 6 of the First Hebrew Primer. (English also has irregular nouns like foot/feet and child/children). We will try to use the mnemonics of letters and “sounds like” that we have been becoming familiar with these past few weeks. If there is some way you find to remember them, please share!
ב: vet is vetrinarian
ו: vav is a hook, shepherd's crook
ת: tav is a turtle...see? See his shell, and his little head sticking out?
Okay, ah-VOTE sounds like “I vote”. Think: ah-VOTE (I vote) for the founding fathers!
Keren, Morah Ivrit
I am a Mom and Grandma who began studying Hebrew to assist my understanding of the Hebrew praise songs I was singing for our Messianic Jewish Synagogue praise team way back in 2001. A home educator at the time, this quickly led to learning Hebrew in order to teach my children.